why china should make efforts

The leader of CATL, a company specializing in the manufacture of batteries, alerts the Chinese government to the need to reduce polluting emissions linked to this industry.

Volkswagen factory batteries 3
A battery ready to be recycled in a Volkswagen factory

Today, electric cars have been growing in popularity for several years, with market share falling from 7.9% in the first six months of 2021 to 12.1% over the same period This year. And for good reason, everything is done by the public authorities to encourage motorists to opt for this motorization, with a lot of tax aid such as the ecological bonus notably.

But that’s not all, because the European Union has even decided to simply ban the sale of new thermal cars from 2035. But if the electric car has the advantage of not rejecting any polluting gas during use, it’s not 100% clean though..

A polluting production

In fact, today most of the batteries fitted to our electric cars are produced in China, although some manufacturers like Tesla begin to produce their cells in other countries and particularly in the United States. We can also cite Volkswagen, which launched the construction of a Gigafactory in Germany.

But the Middle Kingdom is not really known for paying attention to the environment, although the amount of harmful particles in the air fell by 40% between 2013 and 2020 in the country, according to theEnergy Policy Institute from the University of Chicago. However, it still has a long way to go, especially in terms of battery production.

Indeed, according to Zeng Yuqun leader of the giant CATL specialized in the manufacture of batteries for electric carsChina would have apparently late compared to other countries in the world “in terms of managing emissions in the manufacturing process”.

These statements, relayed by Bloomberg were made during the World New Energy Vehicle Congress which took place in Beijing. Several representatives of the industry were then present, in order to try to find solutions to make the electric car even cleaner in the future.

Many solutions

For his part, Chen Hong, president of SAIC Motor Corp Ltd, denounces the strategy of certain manufacturers, who launch themselves “blindly” into the development of models with greater autonomy, thus requiring higher resource consumption. A situation that may not be able to last, while the cost of raw materials is exploding.

According to a report by Bloombergthe price of lithium, cobalt, nickel and graphite increased eightfold compared to September 2021. This has the effect of driving up the prices of new electric carsalthough the market is also disrupted by the war in Ukraine and the shortage of semiconductors.

Congress participants therefore call on China to make effortsas well as the implementation of measures establish an up-to-date carbon emission database, encourage enterprises to improve production facilities, invest more in energy-efficient products, and further develop battery recycling activities« .

Another solution could be solid battery developmentwhich could “reduce the carbon footprint of an electric car battery by up to 39%” according to a report by the NGO Transport and Environment. But that’s not all, because a Swedish company is working on its side development of a battery using wood.

Des batteries made in Europe

Finally, the production of batteries will be less and less polluting, as it is carried out using low-carbon energy. This is also the case for the Chinese giant CATL which has already opened a factory in Germany who uses renewable energy and wants to do the same with a Gigafactory in Hungary.

It will however be necessary that the extraction of metals is also cleaner, but it is on the right track, as evidenced by the various projects Europeans, whether in France or in Germany. Recycling is also a very interesting and already implemented by manufacturers.


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