why batteries with a range of 1,000 km will be less polluting

The leader in electric car batteries, CATL, announces the opening of its second manufacturing plant in Europe. Enough to make their production less polluting than in China, by supplying BMW, Peugeot, Citroën, Mercedes and Volkswagen in particular.

Volkswagen factory batteries 3
A battery ready to be recycled in a Volkswagen factory

The Chinese Giant CATL is the undisputed leader in batteries for electric cars with a market share of 33.5% in July 2022, just ahead of its competitor BYD (who arrives in France with his cars this year) to 16.2%. At the moment, CATL’s batteries are produced in China. But that will change. The company has already built a factory in Germany which should start this year, with a production capacity of 14 GWh per year in the long term.

CATL will double its production thanks to Europe

While this capacity may seem low (Tesla plans to produce around 50 GWh in 2022), it should be noted that CATL produced almost 100 GWh of battery in 2021. Above all, the Chinese company is going to open a factory in Hungary with a capacity of 100 GWh! Enough to double its global production with a single plant. To do this, CATL intends to put 7.34 billion euros on the table and launch the construction of this unit this year.

Less CO2 during battery production

For Europeans and electric cars, this new factory will change a lot of things. The most polluting element of an electric car, as we have seen in our dedicated file, it is the manufacture of its battery. The fact of producing the batteries in Europe should make it possible to reduce CO2 emissions thanks to much more carbon-free energy than in China.

In 2018, China emitted around 550 g of CO2 per kWh of electricity produced. By way of comparison, Hungary released approximately 256 g of CO2 into the atmosphere for each kWh consumed in 2021. This would allow battery production to be less expensive for the planet. For information, in France, each kWh consumed emitted 64 g of CO2 over the same period.

The CATL plant in Germany
The CATL plant in Germany

The Chinese giant also addresses this element in his press release indicating that he will use exclusively renewable energy and that he wants to invest locally to develop solar energy in Hungary.

The battery with 1,000 km of autonomy made in Europe?

CATL specifies that its customers, such as Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Stellantis (Peugeot, Citroën, Fiat, Jeep, Opel, etc.) and the Volkswagen group (Audi, Porsche, Seat, Cupra, Skoda, etc.) will be able to take advantage of the production capacitiescleanof this new plant. Volkswagen has already planned to open a Gigafactory in Germany to produce batteries from 2025 with a capacity of 40 GWh per year.

We imagine that the new CATL battery with a range of 1,000 km on Chinese CLTC homologation cycle (or about 800 km on European cycle WLTP) could notably be built in Hungary for integration into the electric cars of European manufacturers. As a reminder, this battery will be integrated first in the Zeekr 001, an electric car scheduled to be marketed from 2023 in China with an announced range of 1,000 km. Of course, the more classic CALT batteries can also be produced in Europe, just like the future battery promising fast charging in just five minutes.

CALT announces a revolutionary battery, allowing to advance a range of 1,000 km and an ultra-fast recharge in just 10 minutes. Let’s see how the Chinese giant manages to come and rub shoulders with Tesla and its 4680 batteries.
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