Zapping The Blogauto Essai Volkswagen Taigo
Electric heater: how and why does it deteriorate?
Like all other auto parts, the battery in a electric vehicle does not have an eternal lifespan. If it is not to be changed regularly, it generally succumbs to wear after 8 to 10 years, or the equivalent of 150,000 km traveled. However, age and distance are not the only parameters to be taken into account. For an electric vehicle, it will thus be more appropriate to evaluate the lifespan of a battery according to its charge cycles. A cycle being the equivalent of a full charge (100%), statistics reveal that a battery can benefit from 1000 to 2000 charge cycles before it is altered. In addition to these data, the longevity of an electric battery also varies according to our driving habits. There are therefore gestures to favor and others to avoid in order to preserve it more.
What are the right reflexes to adopt?
It may seem trivial, but parking your electric vehicle in a garage and not outside helps preserve your battery from extreme temperature changes. Indeed, the high summer heat considerably alters the battery and prevents the vehicle from reaching its optimum technical capacities when it is in the charging phase. This is why it is also recommended to adopt a flexible and moderate driving over a limited distance in order to avoid overheating of the battery. To limit this overheating, it is also desirable to wait for the vehicle to cool before starting the recharging cycle but also after it if you wish to take the wheel again. At the same time, if the cold does not directly affect the state of the battery, it limits its power and generally makes the vehicle less efficient when temperatures drop. It is also for this reason that it is important to favor a slow charge of the vehicle rather than a fast charge. Although this last option is attractive since it allows almost immediate use of your electric car, it may however quickly damage the battery, which has difficulty withstanding high temperatures.
What actions should be avoided?
Contrary to popular belief, fully charging your vehicle’s battery during charging cycles is not beneficial to its longevity; on the contrary, this habit drastically accelerates its deterioration. Since the batteries are now mainly made of lithium-ion (like smartphones), they hardly support full charge cycles, ranging from 0% to 100%. Also, letting your battery systematically discharge below 5% without recharging it quickly afterwards intensifies its degradation. It is therefore strongly advised to maintain a charge level between 20 and 80% and avoid exceeding these thresholds. Furthermore, it is also recommended not to leave your vehicle unused for a long period because by remaining inactive, the battery discharges gradually and irreparably until it is out of use.
If the use of an electric vehicle is advantageous both from an environmental and practical point of view, the economic aspect sometimes raises some questions. Despite government aid and the absence of fuel costs for 100% electric models, the cost of buying an electric car can be high depending on our car budget, as well as that of a battery replacement. . So to avoid excessively expensive costs and save your wallet, it is essential to preserve the range of your vehicle and therefore the battery. But then, how to avoid premature wear of the latter, what are the reflexes to adopt to maintain it?