Electrifying the car fleet is a global goal. The means to achieve this are plural. This is what emerges from the work carried out by an observatory made up of Avere-France (National Association for the Development of Electric Mobility) and the law firm De Gaulle Fleurance and Associates, which is published this Thursday, June 2.
→ ANALYSE. Electric car: a forced transition
The survey, fed by the contribution of six other foreign firms, updates the different strategies for electrifying the vehicle fleet in France, Germany, Poland, as well as in Turkey, India, China and Saudi Arabia. .
France rather well off
Worldwide, six million electric vehicles (including plug-in hybrids) were sold in 2021, double the previous year. They represent 12% of the market. In France, with 315,000 vehicles sold, and electric vehicles represent 15% of the market.
Financial aid without income conditions has encouraged their purchase, as has the 64% increase in charging points open to the public between 2020 and 2021. “In terms of support, we are in the top three in Europeexplains Cécile Goubert, general delegate of Avere-France, with a good understanding of the uses: roads, major roads, collective residential… This approach makes it possible to think about the different charging needs ».
Today, there are nearly 60,000 charging stations open to the public in France. “We will have to double this number by 2025.warns Cécile Goubert, and remain constant to double it again by 2030”.
In Turkey, we think first of charging
In Germany during the first quarter of 2022, the market share of electric vehicles has already reached 25%. The country offers additional non-monetary incentives, such as the possibility for electric vehicles to drive in bus lanes. “This idea could seem adapted to France, where we like to sneaksmiles Sylvie Perrin, associate lawyer at De Gaulle Fleurance and associates. However, it was the German mentality, perhaps more collective, which allowed its adoption..
Another member of the European Union, Poland wishes to accelerate the greening of its car fleet. Municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants must install at least 60 public charging stations. To facilitate their installation, the Polish legislator exempts the network manager from applying for a building permit.
In Turkey, the effort is also focused on infrastructure. “The country made a rather original choiceexplains Sylvie Perrin, by wishing to have a charging network before the fleet of electric vehicles exists”. Since March 2022, subsidies cover up to 75% of the costs of fast charging stations. A regulation that opens a door to the American Tesla, in the process of deploying its network.
380 builders in India
The leading electric vehicle market in the world remains China. The country has combined policies restricting the purchase of gasoline vehicles and incentives (individuals do not have to apply for a permit to install charging infrastructure, free license plates, etc.), and sold three million electric vehicles in 2021, i.e. half of global sales.
The other continental giant, India, is not at this level but intends to catch up: among other measures, the one offering drivers of electric vehicles a 50% reduction on toll sections. A peculiarity of the country is in the fragmentation of the offer: the aid offered for research and development has allowed the emergence of hundreds of companies. In July 2021, there were 380 local builders!
The European Union hesitates
Even oil-rich Saudi Arabia is not immune to electrification. The kingdom, which is aiming for 30% of electric vehicles in circulation in Riyadh, has reached an agreement with Japanese manufacturers to deploy fast charging stations. Neom, a city under construction and which aims for carbon neutrality, will only allow electric vehicles.
The European Union continues to hesitate on the date on which it will ban internal combustion engines. France is fighting for the horizon to be the year 2040. It comes up against the inclinations of other members of the Union, who would prefer 2035. The debate should be settled during the month of June by the European Parliament.