The trophy of Watts d’Or gives us a unique opportunity to produce some statistics on the electric car market in France. Here’s what to remember.
Our Watts d’Or trophy for Electric Car of the Year is now on track, the jury’s vote is complete, and it is now the public (you) who has the hand, or rather the voice, to express preferences until September 30 midnight.
By doing documentary research and compiling the data and characteristics that enabled us to draw up the list of nominees in the queen category, namely that of the electric car of the year, we were able to mix the figures to extract some interesting statistics on the reality of the electric car market in France. Sometimes with a few surprises.
Here are some elements to keep in mind without their disclosure altering or influencing the vote.
Data on brands and countries represented
Number of new models released in France and available for sale to the public between October 1, 2021 and September 30, 2022: 20
- Number of brands represented: 14
- Number of versions or variations: 48, i.e. an average of 2.4 versions per model
- Most represented brand: Mercedes (4 models)
- Number of French brands: 2 (Renault and Citroën)
- Number of German brands: 4 (Audi, BMW, Mercedes, VW)
- Number of American brands: 1 (Tesla)
- Number of Korean brands: 1 (Kia)
- Number of Chinese brands: 1 (MG Motors)
- Number of Japanese brands: 2 (Nissan and Toyota)
- Other brands: 3
- Share of European brands: 64%
It is interesting to note that, contrary to what one might imagine at first glance, the dreaded (or scrutinized in any case) Chinese invasion is not yet really a reality. Only one Chinese brand appears in this list, MG Motors, with however already 2 models released during the reference period, and soon 4 100% electric models in its catalog if we include the MG4 which will arrive in European dealerships next October. , or after the Watts d’Or reference period (which explains why it does not appear there). In fact, old Europe does not defend itself so badly after all with no less than 9 brands out of 14. Note also that the latest version of the Tesla Model Y is not included in the list, because it has not yet been released. and will not be released in the reference period since it should arrive next December.
- The average WLTP range on the 20 models and their 48 versions is 479.16 km
- The median is 480 km
- The car with the lowest range is the Citroën ë-Berlingo with 280 km of WLTP range
- The car with the best range is the Mercedes EQS with 712.5 km of WLTP range
The Mercedes EQS is quite representative of Mercedes’ efforts in favor of efficiency – with in particular significant work on aerodynamics – symbolized in particular by the Vision EQXX concept. On the other hand, the average WLTP autonomy figure is rather high, which is a surprise. It’s a safe bet that if we questioned people interested in the subject, the answer would probably be closer to 350-400 kilometers, it seems to us. The range data is the official data according to the WLTP standard for combined road and motorway use. Most of the time, the two figures are indicated on the sites of the manufacturers, and we averaged the two to obtain the indicated figure.
- The average WLTP consumption on the 20 models and their 48 versions is 18.02 kWh/100 km
- The median is 17.25 kWh/100 km
- The car with the lowest consumption is the Toyota bZ4X 2WD with 14.7 kWh/100 km
- The car with the highest consumption is the BMW iX M60 with 29.5 kWh/100 km
Once again, most of the data is surprisingly reasonable, but we know that the WLTP standard is subject to caution and that it only reflects reality in a very specific case of “eco-driving” driving.
Charging power data
- The average charging power on the 20 models and their 48 versions is 148.5 kW
- The median is 135 kW
- The car with the highest theoretical charging power is the Tesla Model Y Long Range with 250 kW
- The car with the lowest theoretical charging power is the Kia Niro EV 2022 with 72 kW
We note that Tesla with its 400 Volt architecture still holds the lead in this ranking, but that Kia with the EV6 and its 800 volts is very close to the American brand with 240 kW in its most powerful version. To be more precise, it would have been necessary to measure the load curves, but it was a very difficult task to carry out on almost 50 cars. It is however a long-term work that we carry out in our Supertests.
- The average weight of the 20 models and their 48 variations is 2,108 kg
- The median is 2,110 kg
- The heaviest car is the BMW iX M60 with 2,659 kg
- The lightest car is the Megane E-TECH EV40 with 1,513 kg
It is the measure that hurts. And this is obviously an evil that has been known and documented since electric cars have existed. Do you want autonomy? So you will have big batteries, so weight. For the moment, and while waiting for an improvement in technologies, we have to make do with even with pachyderms of nearly 2.7 tons empty.
- The average Cx of the 20 models and their 48 variations is 0.261
- The median is 0.26
- The car with the best Cx is the Mercedes EQS with 0.20
- The car with the least favorable Cx is the Volvo C40 Recharge Twin with 0.32
So certainly the Cx is no longer really the relevant measure to judge the aerodynamics, and therefore the efficiency of a car, the sCx being a measure closer to reality. Problem, practically no manufacturer provides this data. Moreover, obtaining the Cx was already very long and complicated, because it is an indication that rarely appears in technical sheets or brochures. We therefore contented ourselves with it to have an idea and to be able to establish at least a comparison.
- The average price of the 20 models and their 48 variations – ecological bonus deducted if eligible – is €65,384
- The median is €53,980
- The most expensive car is the Mercedes EQS 53 4MATIC+ with €169,850
- The cheapest car is the MG5 with €26,990
Along with the weight, the price remains the data that still gets stuck, an impression reinforced by this list of electric cars released over the reference period. We note that MG is attacking the bottom of the market with very competitive prices, but ultimately not necessarily representative of the whole of the Chinese offensive, whose models to come in Europe (Xpeng, BYD, Nio, etc.) seem rather to be targeting the middle of range.
In the other data collected, we also note that 31 out of 48 models are equipped with a battery preconditioning system before charging, and 36 offer an integrated route planner. Some progress is also to be made on this chapter, because it seems to us that these two functionalities should be part of the essentials of electric travel.
A short word to finish about the websites of manufacturers. Having frequented them regularly and having visited and scrutinized them in particular over the past few weeks in order to find as much manufacturer data as possible, the general impression that emerges is that of an unsatisfactory user experience, often even painful and tedious. Clearly, in terms of ergonomics and interface, manufacturers seem to favor the graphic and spectacular side to the detriment of simplicity, which sometimes leads to aberrations in terms of navigation, not to mention the general heaviness.
On the other hand, it seems that some manufacturers have given themselves the word to ensure that essential data such as AC and DC charging power and especially charging curves are not always clearly indicated. Instead we are entitled to pretty animations of charging time simulations which certainly can give an indication, but which are often carried out according to ideal conditions that are rarely realistic.
An effort has however been made on the configurators, which are generally more intuitive than they could be at their beginnings. However, the constant solicitations in the form of commercial pop-ups, chat windows and other unwanted animations quickly become annoying.
In a future article we will offer you the same kind of statistics with the charging networks.
PS: some comments on the opening article of the public vote lead us to believe that some did not bother to read (or misread) the detailed explanations on the page before the voting form. It is indicated in particular that the scope of the Watts d’Or concerns cars released and available for sale in France in the period from 01/10/2021 to 30/09/2022. It is therefore normal that for example the Fiat 500 (released before), the MG4 (which will be released later, in October 2022) or the Tesla Model Y Propulsion (December 2022) are not included in this list. We invite you to read these instructions carefully, where everything is clearly stated.